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Meaning of J/psi particle in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
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PRONUNCIATION OF J/PSI PARTICLE

J/psi particle play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF J/PSI PARTICLE

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J/psi particle is a noun.
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A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.
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WHAT DOES J/PSI PARTICLE MEAN IN ENGLISH?

J/psi meson

The J/ψ meson is a subatomic particle, a flavor-neutral meson consisting of a charm quark and a charm antiquark. Mesons formed by a bound state of a charm quark and a charm anti-quark are generally known as "charmonium". The J/ψ is the first excited state of charmonium. The J/ψ has a rest mass of 3.0969 GeV/c2, and a mean lifetime of 7.2×10−21 s. This lifetime was about a thousand times longer than expected. Its discovery was made independently by two research groups, one at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, headed by Burton Richter, and one at the Brookhaven National Laboratory, headed by Samuel Ting at MIT. They discovered they had actually found the same particle, and both announced their discoveries on 11 November 1974. The importance of this discovery is highlighted by the fact that the subsequent, rapid changes in high-energy physics at the time have become collectively known as the "November Revolution". Richter and Ting were rewarded for their shared discovery with the 1976 Nobel Prize in Physics.
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ENGLISH WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE J/PSI PARTICLE

J/psi particle
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These words share the same root as J/psi particle. Click on the words to load more information.

Synonyms and antonyms of J/psi particle in the English dictionary of synonyms

Synonyms
SYNONYMS
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WORDS RELATING TO «J/PSI PARTICLE»

J/psi particle particle meson subatomic flavor neutral consisting charm quark antiquark mesons formed bound state anti generally known charmonium first excited rest nobel prize shared massachusetts institute technology researcher used encyclopedia britannica type charmed which larger hadrons baryons hyperphysics intermediate particles pair three combinations called lightest contains origin original papers symmetry magazine part physical review letter year anniversary american society merriam webster unstable fundamental group electron also alpha osti description using alternating gradient synchrotron elementary with unusually long from heisenberg uncertainty principle extremely narrow width backreaction resonance states giving more background nice historical photos data citation nakamura http answers electrically having approximately seconds wiktionary plural large wordreference thought quarks these entries reverso meaning beta delta memidex form audio collins always

Translation of «J/psi particle» into 20 languages

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TRANSLATION OF J/PSI PARTICLE

Find out the translation of J/psi particle to 20 languages with our English multilingual translator.
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The translations of J/psi particle from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «J/psi particle» in English.
Chinese Spanish English Hindi Arabic Russian Portuguese French German Japanese Korean Vietnamese Italian Polish Ukrainian Romanian Greek Afrikaans Swedish Norwegian
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zh

Translator English - Chinese

焦耳/ PSI颗粒
1,325 millions of speakers
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es

Translator English - Spanish

J partículas / psi
550 millions of speakers
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en

Translator English - English

J/psi particle
510 millions of speakers
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hi

Translator English - Hindi

जम्मू / साई कण
380 millions of speakers
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ar

Translator English - Arabic

J / رطل الجسيمات
280 millions of speakers
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ru

Translator English - Russian

J / пси частиц
278 millions of speakers
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pt

Translator English - Portuguese

J / partícula psi
270 millions of speakers
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fr

Translator English - French

J / psi particules
220 millions of speakers
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de

Translator English - German

J / psi Partikel
180 millions of speakers
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ja

Translator English - Japanese

J / ψ粒子
130 millions of speakers
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ko

Translator English - Korean

J / PSI 입자
85 millions of speakers
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vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

J / psi hạt
80 millions of speakers
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it

Translator English - Italian

J / psi particella
65 millions of speakers
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pl

Translator English - Polish

J / psi cząstek
50 millions of speakers
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uk

Translator English - Ukrainian

J / псі частинок
40 millions of speakers
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ro

Translator English - Romanian

J / particule psi
30 millions of speakers
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el

Translator English - Greek

J / psi σωματιδίων
15 millions of speakers
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af

Translator English - Afrikaans

J / PSI deeltjie
14 millions of speakers
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sv

Translator English - Swedish

J / psi partikel
10 millions of speakers
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no

Translator English - Norwegian

J / psi partikkel
5 millions of speakers
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Trends of use of J/psi particle

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TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «J/PSI PARTICLE»

The term «J/psi particle» is used very little and occupies the 178.010 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
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The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «J/psi particle» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of J/psi particle
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List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «J/psi particle».
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FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «J/PSI PARTICLE» OVER TIME

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The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «J/psi particle» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «J/psi particle» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about J/psi particle

Examples
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10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «J/PSI PARTICLE»

Discover the use of J/psi particle in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to J/psi particle and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
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New Scientist
It was into this environment that the J/psi particle, as it became known, was born. The J/psi was more than twice as heavy as any other particle then known and should have decayed in an instant. Quantum mechanics tells us that high precision ...
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New Scientist
One example is the discovery in 1974 of the J/psi particle at the Brookhaven National Laboratory, New York, and the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center ( SLAC) in California. The J/psi weighs a little more than three times the mass of the proton ...
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New Scientist
Physics "For their pioneering work in the discovery of a heavy elementary particle of a new kind" Dr Robert Walgate On 11 November 1974 Samuel Ting, professor of physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, walked into the ...
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The Particle Odyssey: A Journey to the Heart of Matter
9.2 This dramatic hundredfold increase in the number of hadrons produced in electron–positron annihilations at a total energy of 3.1 GeV signalled the production and decay of the J/psi particle in the Mark I detector at SPEAR. emerging from ...
autorFrank Close, Michael Marten, Christine Sutton, 2004
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Q is for Quantum: An Encyclopedia of Particle Physics
Josephson junctions can also be used to demonstrate quantum phenomena on a large scale, with further potential practical applications (see SQUID). J/psi particle A massive meson, with a mass of 3,097 MeV (more than three times as heavy ...
autorMary Gribbin, 2000
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The Britannica Guide to Particle Physics
The J/psi particle is a type of meson consisting of a charmed quark and a charmed antiquark. It has a mass of 3.1 GeV/c2, which is about 3.5 times larger than the mass of a proton. The particle was first detected in 1974 by two groups of  ...
autorErik Gregersen, 2011
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Science and Dissent in Post-Mao China: The Politics of Knowledge
The particle is known in the international physics community by two alternative names— the "psi particle" and the "J particle," and frequently as the "J/psi particle ." This is because it was discovered almost simultaneously in 1974 by two groups , ...
autorH. Lyman Miller, 1996
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Quantification in Science: The VNR Dictionary of Engineering ...
Referred to as the "fourth charmed quark," the J-psi particle derives its name from the combination of "J," given it by Ting, and "psi," given it by Richter. Tomonaga, Shin'ichiro. Born: March 31, 1906, Tokyo, Japan; died: July 8, 1979, Tokyo, ...
autorM. Melarango, 1991
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New Scientist
An energy of 3-1 GeV, for example, corresponds to the mass of the J/psi particle which consists of a charmed quark and anti- quark; at this energy electron- positron collisions produce copious numbers of J/psi particles. This is reflected in the ...
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New York Times Almanac 2002
1974 J/psi particle Like the strange hyperons, the J/psi particle is a heavy particle that appears at high energies. It also is produced by a different kind of quark, the charm quark. The odd name J/psi comes from the particle having The New york ...
autorJohn Wright, 2003
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9 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «J/PSI PARTICLE»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term J/psi particle is used in the context of the following news items.
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That Time The Feds Built A Deluxe Atom Cannon In Palo Alto
Later additions to the atom cannon led to the 1974 discovery of the J/psi particle, made up of a "charm quark" and an "anti-charm quark." A year ... «Popular Science, Dec 14»
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Top 10 Things You Didn't Know about Brookhaven National …
... the charmed baryon, neutral and negative sigma baryons, the phi vector meson, the antiparticles Xi-minus and Xi-zero, and the J/psi particle, ... «Scientific Computing, Apr 14»
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Has Dark Matter finally been Discovered?
... new physical phenomena," said AMS principal investigator Samuel Ting, Nobel Prize laureate and one of the discoverers of the J/Psi particle. «YouTube, Apr 13»
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Prominent UW physicist describes Higgs search and discovery
Wu has a strong history of discovery, having been involved in the identification in the 1970s of the J/psi particle and the gluon, two particles that ... «University of Wisconsin-Madison, Sep 12»
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What the Discovery of the Higgs Means for Scientists
In November 1974 there was the announcement of the J/psi particle. And one asked the same questions as today, starting with “What's the ... «Wired News, Jul 12»
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New Endeavour for an MIT experiment
Ting shared the Nobel Prize in physics in 1976 with Burton Richter '52, PhD '56 for discovering the J/Psi particle, a heavy elementary particle. «MIT News, May 11»
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Rare particle decays could indicate presence of new physics
After being created in the wake of a proton-proton collision, Bs mesons can decay into a J/psi particle (a charm quark bound to a charm ... «Symmetry magazine, Mar 11»
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Gerson Goldhaber, Particle Physicist, Is Dead at 86
... as part of a collaboration led by Burton Richter at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Dr. Goldhaber helped to discover the “j/psi particle,” ... «New York Times, Jul 10»
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Charm quark
When the charm quark did turn up, it was as a constituent of the J/psi particle, whose discovery in 1974 finally convinced physicists that quarks ... «Symmetry magazine, May 09»
APA
REFERENCE
«ENGLISH DICTIONARY. J/psi particle [online] - Edition 3.3 (Dec 2016). Available <http://englishdictionary.education/en/jpsi-particle> »
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