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The art world has become the R&D department for so much fashion and music, so knock-offs are getting better and better.
Marco Brambilla

Meaning of R&D in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
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PRONUNCIATION OF R&D

ˌɑːrənˈdiː play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF R&D

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noun
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adjective
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verb
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adverb
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pronoun
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preposition
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conjunction
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determiner
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exclamation
R&d is a noun.
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A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.
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WHAT DOES R&D MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Research and development

The research and development is a specific group of activities within a business. The activities that are classified as R&D differ from company to company, but there are two primary models. In one model, the primary function of an R&D group is to develop new products; in the other model, the primary function of an R&D group is to discover and create new knowledge about scientific and technological topics for the purpose of uncovering and enabling development of valuable new products, processes, and services. Under both models, R&D differs from the vast majority of a company's activities which are intended to yield nearly immediate profit or immediate improvements in operations and involve little uncertainty as to the return on investment. The first model of R&D is generally staffed by engineers while the second model may be staffed with industrial scientists. R&D activities are carried out by corporate or governmental entities.

definitionDefinition of R&D in the English dictionary

The definition of R&D in the dictionary is research into, and development of new products.

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ENGLISH WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE R&D

R&D
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These words share the same root as R&D. Click on the words to load more information.

Synonyms and antonyms of R&D in the English dictionary of synonyms

Synonyms
SYNONYMS
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WORDS RELATING TO «R&D»

R&D research development specific group activities within business that classified differ from company there primary models model function develop products other discover create knowledge about scientific technological project statistical computing also called strongly functional language environment statistically explore data sets make many graphical displays custom comprehensive archive software programming graphics widely used among statisticians what revolution analytics during last decade momentum coming industry lifted become single most important rstudio home provides popular open source enterprise ready professional resources help learn where installing customizing updating step instructions analyze major public survey bloggers news tutorials collected list over blogs helping master network download windows

Translation of «R&D» into 20 languages

Translator
TRANSLATOR
online translator
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TRANSLATION OF R&D

Find out the translation of R&D to 20 languages with our English multilingual translator.
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The translations of R&D from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «R&D» in English.
Chinese Spanish English Hindi Arabic Russian Portuguese French German Japanese Korean Vietnamese Italian Polish Ukrainian Romanian Greek Afrikaans Swedish Norwegian
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languages  
zh

Translator English - Chinese

ř
1,325 millions of speakers
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es

Translator English - Spanish

R
550 millions of speakers
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en

Translator English - English

R&D
510 millions of speakers
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hi

Translator English - Hindi

आर
380 millions of speakers
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ar

Translator English - Arabic

R
280 millions of speakers
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ru

Translator English - Russian

R
278 millions of speakers
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pt

Translator English - Portuguese

R
270 millions of speakers
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fr

Translator English - French

R
220 millions of speakers
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de

Translator English - German

R
180 millions of speakers
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ja

Translator English - Japanese

R
130 millions of speakers
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ko

Translator English - Korean

R
85 millions of speakers
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vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

R
80 millions of speakers
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it

Translator English - Italian

R
65 millions of speakers
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pl

Translator English - Polish

R
50 millions of speakers
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uk

Translator English - Ukrainian

R
40 millions of speakers
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ro

Translator English - Romanian

R
30 millions of speakers
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el

Translator English - Greek

R
15 millions of speakers
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af

Translator English - Afrikaans

R
14 millions of speakers
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sv

Translator English - Swedish

R
10 millions of speakers
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no

Translator English - Norwegian

R
5 millions of speakers
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HOW DO YOU SAY R&D IN ...

The translation of R&D in French is r play
See the definition of r and synonyms of r in the French dictionary.

The translation of R&D in Italian is r play
See the definition of r and synonyms of r in the Italian dictionary.

The translation of R&D in German is R play
See the definition of R and synonyms of R in the German dictionary.

The translation of R&D in Portuguese is r play
See the definition of r and synonyms of r in the Portuguese dictionary.

Trends of use of R&D

Trends
TRENDS
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TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «R&D»

The term «R&D» is very widely used and occupies the 239 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
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Very widely used
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The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «R&D» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of R&D
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List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «R&D».
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FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «R&D» OVER TIME

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The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «R&D» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «R&D» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about R&D

Examples
EXAMPLES
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4 QUOTES WITH «R&D»

Famous quotes and sentences with the word R&D.
1
autor
Marco Brambilla
The art world has become the R&D department for so much fashion and music, so knock-offs are getting better and better.
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2
autor
Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw
Unfortunately, our stock is somehow not well understood by the markets. The market compares us with generic companies. We need to look at Biocon as a bellwether stock. A stock that is differentiated, a stock that is focused on R&D, and a very, very strong balance sheet with huge value drivers at the end of it.
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3
autor
Eric Ries
There is no greater country on Earth for entrepreneurship than America. In every category, from the high-tech world of Silicon Valley, where I live, to University R&D labs, to countless Main Street small business owners, Americans are taking risks, embracing new ideas and - most importantly - creating jobs.
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4
autor
Harold E. Varmus
I keep encouraging the pharmaceutical companies to put more money into R&D.
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10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «R&D»

Discover the use of R&D in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to R&D and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
The R Book
Is supported by an accompanying website allowing examples from the text to be run by the user. Praise for the first edition: ‘…if you are an R user or wannabe R user, this text is the one that should be on your shelf.
autorMichael J. Crawley, 2012
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2
The R Book
Is supported by an accompanying website allowing examples from the text to be run by the user. Praise for the first edition: ‘…if you are an R user or wannabe R user, this text is the one that should be on your shelf.
autorMichael J. Crawley, 2012
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3
The R Book
The R Book is aimed at undergraduates, postgraduates and professionals in science, engineering and medicine. It is also ideal for students and professionals in statistics, economics, geography and the social sciences.
autorMichael J. Crawley, 2007
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4
R Cookbook
With more than 200 practical recipes, this book helps you perform data analysis with R quickly and efficiently.
autorPaul Teetor, 2011
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5
R Graphics Cookbook
"Practical recipes for visualizing data"--Cover.
autorWinston Chang, 2013
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6
Data Manipulation with R
Everyone using R needs to work with data, data almost always comes from an external source that has to be imported into R. The tasks covered in this book are essential tasks in R.
autorPhil Spector, 2008
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7
Applied Spatial Data Analysis with R: analysis with R
Addresses the needs of researchers and students using R to analyze spatial data across a range of disciplines and professions.
autorRoger S. Bivand, Edzer J. Pebesma, Virgilio Gómez-Rubio, 2008
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8
R Graphics
Much of the information presented in this book cannot be found anywhere else. Well ahead of the curve, particularly regarding the grid system, R Graphics will have a major impact on the future direction of statistical graphics development.
autorPaul Murrell, 2005
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9
Applied Econometrics with R
This book covers a variety of regression models, regression diagnostics and robustness issues, the nonlinear models of microeconomics, time series and time series econometrics.
autorChristian Kleiber, Achim Zeileis, 2008
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10
R For Dummies
Requiring no prior programming experience and packed with practical examples, easy, step-by-step exercises, and sample code, this extremely accessible guide is the ideal introduction to R for complete beginners.
autorJoris Meys, Andrie de Vries, 2012
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APA
REFERENCE
«ENGLISH DICTIONARY. R&d [online] - Edition 3.3 (Dec 2016). Available <http://englishdictionary.education/en/r-and-d-1> »
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