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Meaning of X-chromosome in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
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PRONUNCIATION OF X-CHROMOSOME

X-chromosome play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF X-CHROMOSOME

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X-Chromosome is a noun.
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A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.
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WHAT DOES X-CHROMOSOME MEAN IN ENGLISH?

X-chromosome

X chromosome

The X chromosome is one of the two sex-determining chromosomes in many animal species, including mammals, and is found in both males and females. It is a part of the XY sex-determination system and X0 sex-determination system. The X chromosome was named for its unique properties by early researchers, which resulted in the naming of its counterpart Y chromosome, for the next letter in the alphabet, after it was discovered later.
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ENGLISH WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE X-CHROMOSOME

X-chromosome
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These words share the same root as X-chromosome. Click on the words to load more information.

Synonyms and antonyms of X-chromosome in the English dictionary of synonyms

Synonyms
SYNONYMS
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WORDS RELATING TO «X-CHROMOSOME»

X-chromosome chromosome male determining chromosomes many animal species including mammals found both males females part determination system named unique properties early researchers which resulted naming counterpart next letter alphabet after discovered genetics home reference humans other form pairs human what from news medical present giving inactivation learn science scitable nature unlike gene poor contains over genes that essential proper development cell viability however definitions popular twice normal singly along with complete determine

Translation of «X-chromosome» into 20 languages

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TRANSLATOR
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TRANSLATION OF X-CHROMOSOME

Find out the translation of X-chromosome to 20 languages with our English multilingual translator.
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The translations of X-chromosome from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «X-chromosome» in English.
Chinese Spanish English Hindi Arabic Russian Portuguese French German Japanese Korean Vietnamese Italian Polish Ukrainian Romanian Greek Afrikaans Swedish Norwegian
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zh

Translator English - Chinese

的X染色体
1,325 millions of speakers
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es

Translator English - Spanish

Cromosoma X
550 millions of speakers
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en

Translator English - English

X-chromosome
510 millions of speakers
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hi

Translator English - Hindi

एक्स गुणसूत्र
380 millions of speakers
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ar

Translator English - Arabic

كروموسوم X-
280 millions of speakers
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ru

Translator English - Russian

X - хромосома
278 millions of speakers
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pt

Translator English - Portuguese

Cromossoma X
270 millions of speakers
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fr

Translator English - French

X- chromosome
220 millions of speakers
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de

Translator English - German

X - Chromosom
180 millions of speakers
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ja

Translator English - Japanese

X染色体
130 millions of speakers
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ko

Translator English - Korean

X 염색체
85 millions of speakers
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vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

Nhiễm sắc thể X
80 millions of speakers
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it

Translator English - Italian

X - cromosoma
65 millions of speakers
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pl

Translator English - Polish

Chromosomu X
50 millions of speakers
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uk

Translator English - Ukrainian

X - хромосома
40 millions of speakers
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ro

Translator English - Romanian

X - cromozom
30 millions of speakers
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el

Translator English - Greek

Χ - χρωμόσωμα
15 millions of speakers
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af

Translator English - Afrikaans

X- chromosome
14 millions of speakers
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sv

Translator English - Swedish

X - kromosomen
10 millions of speakers
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no

Translator English - Norwegian

X - kromosom
5 millions of speakers
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Trends of use of X-chromosome

Trends
TRENDS
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TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «X-CHROMOSOME»

The term «X-chromosome» is regularly used and occupies the 75.738 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
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The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «X-chromosome» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of X-chromosome
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List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «X-chromosome».
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FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «X-CHROMOSOME» OVER TIME

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The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «X-chromosome» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «X-chromosome» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about X-chromosome

Examples
EXAMPLES
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10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «X-CHROMOSOME»

Discover the use of X-chromosome in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to X-chromosome and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
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Regulation of DNA Methylation and X Chromosome Inactivation ...
Yin Shen. modifications and DNA methylation that complete and stabilize the inactive state of the Xist-coated X chromosome (56, 64). In contrast, on the active X chromosome, the Xist gene becomes completely silent and its promoter is heavily ...
autorYin Shen, 2008
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2
Reproductive Isolation and X Chromosome Meiotic Drive in ...
Linkage Maps Previous studies have provided evidence for a large X chromosome inversion or inversion complex that is associated with sex chromosome meiotic drive in C. dalmanni (Johns et al. 2005, Chapter 3 of this dissertation).
autorSarah J. Christianson, 2007
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3
Catalogue of Unbalanced Chromosome Aberrations in Man
Gonadal dysfunction is believed to occur if the breakpoint in the X chromosome is situated within the segment (X) (ql3^q26) (Sarto et al. 1973; Phelan et al. 1977; Summitt et al. 1977; Leddet-Chevallier et al. 1981; Carpenter 1983).
autorAlbert Schinzel, 2001
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Human Heredity: Principles and Issues
Males, in contrast, are XY and carry only one copy of the X chromosome. Most genes on the X chromosome are not found on the Y XY chromosome. This means that males carrying an X chromosome gene for / \ a recessive disorder such as ...
autorMichael Cummings, 2013
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Cytogenetics of the Mammalian X Chromosome
Vol. A.
autorAvery A. Sandberg, 1983
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Yen and Jaffe's Reproductive Endocrinology: Physiology, ...
form duplexes in vivo that are processed to small RNAs, most likely on the active X chromosome in a Dicer-dependent manner, implicating RNA interference ( RNAi) in X chromosome inactivation.177 X-inactivation occurs early in development ...
autorJerome Frank Strauss, Robert L. Barbieri, 2009
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7
Competition Science Vision
A daughter can inherit a sex-linked recessive disorder or trait if her father is affected and her mother is a carrier she inherits one effected X-chromosome from each parent. Females usually do not exhibit sex-linked traits because they inherit two ...
autor
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THE X IN SEX
A survey of the latest research on the X chromosome reveals the role of "X" in determining sex and susceptibility to disease, while also tracing its cultural history.
autorDavid Bainbridge, 2003
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Human Molecular Biology: An Introduction to the Molecular ...
In humans dosage compensation is achieved via a process of chromosomal condensation termed X chromosome inactivation (lyonization; Figure 16. 19) which can thus be considered a form of whole-chromosomal imprinting for balancing ...
autorR. J. Epstein, 2003
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The Real Science Behind the X-Files: Microbes, Meteorites, ...
On the contrary, having only a single X chromosome is not always in the best interest of men. By having only a single version of every gene on the X chromosome, men are more likely than women to have genetic diseases that involve faulty X ...
autorAnne Simon, 2001
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6 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «X-CHROMOSOME»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term X-chromosome is used in the context of the following news items.
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First X-Chromosome Related Cause of Male Infertility Identified
We found a deletion in part of the DNA coding of the testis-expressed gene 11 (TEX11) on the X-chromosome, which men inherit from their mothers. «Medical Research News and Interviews on MedicalResearch.com, Jun 15»
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Researchers Discover How lncRNA Silences Entire Chromosome
In contrast, males only contain one X chromosome (along with a Y chromosome). However, like males, females only need one copy of each X-chromosome ... «Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News, Apr 15»
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Duplication of gene on X chromosome causes gigantism
Researchers believe they've isolated a portion of the X-chromosome responsible for growth -- and where the gene duplication that causes gigantism occurs. «UPI.com, Dec 14»
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The X-Chromosome Factor: Haden-Guest on an Art Season of (Too …
“Innocents,” Moby's show of big photographs at Emmanuel Fremin at 547 West 27th looked at once placid and uncanny, a good combo. I needed a quote from ... «New York Observer, Oct 14»
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The X-(Chromosome) Factor: Women Truly Are the Tougher Sex …
Researchers from Ghent University in Belgium have determined that the secret to women's super immune systems lies in their extra X-chromosome. These ... «TIME, Sep 11»
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Women get extra dose of X-chromosome genes
Every woman carries a double dose of the X chromosome, whereas men carry one X and a Y. Women don't express both copies of the X chromosome in their ... «Nature.com, Mar 05»
APA
REFERENCE
«ENGLISH DICTIONARY. X-Chromosome [online] - Edition 3.3 (Dec 2016). Available <http://englishdictionary.education/en/x-chromosome-1> »
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