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Meaning of X-ray diffraction in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
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PRONUNCIATION OF X-RAY DIFFRACTION

X-ray diffraction play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF X-RAY DIFFRACTION

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X-Ray diffraction is a noun.
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A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.
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WHAT DOES X-RAY DIFFRACTION MEAN IN ENGLISH?

X-ray diffraction

X-ray crystallography

X-ray crystallography is a tool used for identifying the atomic and molecular structure of a crystal, in which the crystalline atoms cause a beam of incident X-rays to diffract into many specific directions. By measuring the angles and intensities of these diffracted beams, a crystallographer can produce a three-dimensional picture of the density of electrons within the crystal. From this electron density, the mean positions of the atoms in the crystal can be determined, as well as their chemical bonds, their disorder and various other information. Since many materials can form crystals—such as salts, metals, minerals, semiconductors, as well as various inorganic, organic and biological molecules—X-ray crystallography has been fundamental in the development of many scientific fields. In its first decades of use, this method determined the size of atoms, the lengths and types of chemical bonds, and the atomic-scale differences among various materials, especially minerals and alloys. The method also revealed the structure and function of many biological molecules, including vitamins, drugs, proteins and nucleic acids such as DNA.

definitionDefinition of X-ray diffraction in the English dictionary

The definition of X-ray diffraction in the dictionary is the scattering of X-rays on contact with matter, resulting in changes in radiation intensity, which is used for studying atomic structure.

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ENGLISH WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE X-RAY DIFFRACTION

X-ray diffraction
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These words share the same root as X-ray diffraction. Click on the words to load more information.

Synonyms and antonyms of X-ray diffraction in the English dictionary of synonyms

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WORDS RELATING TO «X-RAY DIFFRACTION»

X-ray diffraction diffraction crystallography tool used identifying atomic molecular structure crystal which crystalline atoms cause beam incident rays diffract into many specific directions measuring angles intensities these diffracted beams crystallographer produce what basics production applications instrumental sources error matter explain experimental techniques increase amount available patterns describe difference between powder tutorial level main areas angle most important characterization mineralogy database primary mineralogists solid state chemists examine physico make doitpoms library teaching learning package provides introduction describes crystallographic that obtained serc rapid analytical technique primarily phase identification material provide scattering bruker corporation property research industrial quality control portfolio covers wide franklin explanation pattern closer spots larger actual distance horizontal bars actually correspond helical turns vertical analysis intertek expertise very range sample types cambridge

Translation of «X-ray diffraction» into 20 languages

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TRANSLATION OF X-RAY DIFFRACTION

Find out the translation of X-ray diffraction to 20 languages with our English multilingual translator.
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The translations of X-ray diffraction from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «X-ray diffraction» in English.
Chinese Spanish English Hindi Arabic Russian Portuguese French German Japanese Korean Vietnamese Italian Polish Ukrainian Romanian Greek Afrikaans Swedish Norwegian
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zh

Translator English - Chinese

X射线衍射
1,325 millions of speakers
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es

Translator English - Spanish

Difracción de rayos X
550 millions of speakers
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en

Translator English - English

X-ray diffraction
510 millions of speakers
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hi

Translator English - Hindi

एक्स रे विवर्तन
380 millions of speakers
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ar

Translator English - Arabic

حيود الأشعة السينية
280 millions of speakers
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ru

Translator English - Russian

Дифракции рентгеновских лучей
278 millions of speakers
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pt

Translator English - Portuguese

Difracção de raios - X
270 millions of speakers
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fr

Translator English - French

Diffraction des rayons X
220 millions of speakers
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de

Translator English - German

Röntgenbeugung
180 millions of speakers
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ja

Translator English - Japanese

X線回折
130 millions of speakers
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ko

Translator English - Korean

X - 선 회절
85 millions of speakers
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vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

Nhiễu xạ tia X
80 millions of speakers
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it

Translator English - Italian

Diffrazione di raggi X
65 millions of speakers
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pl

Translator English - Polish

Dyfrakcja rentgenowska
50 millions of speakers
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uk

Translator English - Ukrainian

Дифракції рентгенівських променів
40 millions of speakers
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ro

Translator English - Romanian

Difracție de raze X
30 millions of speakers
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el

Translator English - Greek

Περίθλαση ακτίνων Χ
15 millions of speakers
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af

Translator English - Afrikaans

X -straal- diffraksie
14 millions of speakers
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sv

Translator English - Swedish

Röntgendiffraktion
10 millions of speakers
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no

Translator English - Norwegian

Røntgendiffraksjon
5 millions of speakers
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Trends of use of X-ray diffraction

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TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «X-RAY DIFFRACTION»

The term «X-ray diffraction» is regularly used and occupies the 58.072 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
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The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «X-ray diffraction» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of X-ray diffraction
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List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «X-ray diffraction».
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FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «X-RAY DIFFRACTION» OVER TIME

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The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «X-ray diffraction» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «X-ray diffraction» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about X-ray diffraction

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10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «X-RAY DIFFRACTION»

Discover the use of X-ray diffraction in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to X-ray diffraction and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
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X-Ray Diffraction: A Practical Approach
Theoretical texts of x-rays diffraction often frustrates beginners. After plowing through thick jargon, they may have little understanding of how to record an x-ray diffraction pattern and how to derive useful information from it.
autorC. Suryanarayana, M. Grant Norton, 1998
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X-ray Diffraction in Crystals, Imperfect Crystals, and ...
Exploration of fundamentals of x-ray diffraction theory using Fourier transforms applies general results to various atomic structures, amorphous bodies, crystals, and imperfect crystals. 154 illustrations. 1963 edition.
autorAndré Guinier, 1994
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Industrial Applications of X-Ray Diffraction
By illustrating a wide range of specific applications in all major industries, this work broadens the coverage of X-ray diffraction beyond basic tenets, research and academic principles.
autorFrank Smith, 1999
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X-Ray Diffraction Crystallography: Introduction, Examples ...
X-Ray Diffraction Crystallography presents the fundamental properties of X-rays, geometry analysis of crystals, X-ray scattering and diffraction in polycrystalline samples.
autorYoshio Waseda, Eiichiro Matsubara, Kozo Shinoda, 2011
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X-ray Diffraction and the Identification and Analysis of ...
This new edition pays particular attention to integrating the mineralogy of soils and features a new chapter on disorder and polytypes.
autorDuane Milton Moore, Robert C. Reynolds, 1997
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Theory of X-Ray Diffraction in Crystals
This classic by one of the great figures in x-ray structure analysis provides a vigorous mathematical treatment of its subject.
autorWilliam H. Zachariasen, 2004
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X-Ray Diffraction
B. E. Warren. repeating volume is completely expressed by the distribution in one octant. There is additional symmetry across certain diagonal planes. 1n terms of coordinates hi and h3 for point A, the coordinates of point A' are h[ = 2 — h3 ...
autorB. E. Warren, 2012
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Two-dimensional X-Ray Diffraction
Written by one of the pioneers of 2D X-Ray Diffraction, this useful guide covers the fundamentals, experimental methods and applications of two-dimensional x-ray diffraction, including geometry convention, x-ray source and optics, two ...
autorB. B. He, 2011
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X-Ray Diffraction by Polycrystalline Materials
This book presents a physical approach to the diffraction phenomenon and its applications in materials science.
autorRené Guinebretière, 2010
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X-Ray Diffraction by Macromolecules
This book is divided into three parts: fundamental, experimental and analytical, and the volume as a whole is intended as an intermediate textbook to bridge the gap between primers and specialist works.
autorNobutami Kasai, M. Kakudo, 2010
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10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «X-RAY DIFFRACTION»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term X-ray diffraction is used in the context of the following news items.
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X-ray Diffraction (XRD) for Mineral Processing: An Interview with …
Todd Houlahan, Director of the International Mining Group at Olympus Scientific Solutions, speaks to AZoMining about the use of x-ray diffraction in mineral ... «Azomining, Jul 15»
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Surface Analysis Market by Instrumentation Technology (Microscopy …
Based on instrumentation technology, the market is segmented into microscopy, spectroscopy, surface analyzers, and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The microscopy ... «PR Newswire, Jul 15»
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Agilents X-Ray Diffraction Unit to be Acquired by Rigaku
Per the deal, Agilent will sell its X-ray diffraction (XRD) business to Rigaku. ... The XRD unit manufactures single-crystal X-ray instruments for the global chemical ... «Zacks.com, Mar 15»
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3-D image of a virus plotted using X-ray Diffraction
Cleverly bypassing the tedious procedure of crystallizing individual particles, the researchers targeted the virus (Acanthamoeba polyphaga mimivirus) with ... «Science 2.0, Mar 15»
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Virus mapped in 3D using X-ray pulses
Scientists have used X-ray diffraction to image live cells, viruses and simple nanostructures in 2D using a technique called nanocrystallography. This involves ... «physicsworld.com, Mar 15»
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Journal Highlight: L-Lysine: Exploiting powder X-ray diffraction to …
Journal Highlight: L-Lysine: Exploiting powder X-ray diffraction to complete the set of crystal structures of the 20 directly encoded proteinogenic amino acids. «spectroscopyNOW.com, Feb 15»
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X-Ray Diffraction Helps Identify Dozen Martian Minerals
An international team of scientists led by Dr David Bish of Indiana University has analyzed recent data from the CheMin, a miniaturized X-ray diffraction ... «Sci-News.com, Dec 14»
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X-Ray Diffraction Will Reveal Geological History of Mars
The Curiosity rover on Mars has carried out the first X-ray diffraction measurements on Mars, but what could it tell us about the Red Planet? Here, we see the ... «Tech Times, Dec 14»
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X-ray laser as ultra slow-motion camera: New study paves the way …
The study proves that X-ray lasers can capture the fast dynamics of ... at different time steps in the photocycle, by taking snapshot X-ray diffraction patterns. «Phys.Org, Dec 14»
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X-ray diffraction and computational techniques can determine …
Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) is a powerful tool used to determine the structure of crystalline solids. Every solid has its own unique crystal structure which, ... «Phys.Org, Nov 14»
APA
REFERENCE
«ENGLISH DICTIONARY. X-Ray diffraction [online] - Edition 3.3 (Dec 2016). Available <http://englishdictionary.education/en/x-ray-diffraction> »
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