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Meaning of Y-chromosome in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
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PRONUNCIATION OF Y-CHROMOSOME

Y-chromosome play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF Y-CHROMOSOME

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Y-Chromosome is a noun.
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A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.
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WHAT DOES Y-CHROMOSOME MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Y chromosome

The Y chromosome is one of two sex chromosomes in mammals, including humans, and many other animals. The other is the X chromosome. Y is the sex-determining chromosome in many species, since it is the presence or absence of Y that determines male or female sex. In mammals, the Y chromosome contains the gene SRY, which triggers testis development. The DNA in the human Y chromosome is composed of about 59 million base pairs. The Y chromosome is passed only from father to son, so analysis of Y chromosome DNA may thus be used in genealogical research. With a 30% difference between humans and chimpanzees, the Y chromosome is one of the fastest evolving parts of the human genome. To date, over 200 Y-linked genes have been identified. All Y-linked genes are expressed and hemizygous except in the cases of aneuploidy such as Klinefelter's Syndrome or XXYY syndrome.
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ENGLISH WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE Y-CHROMOSOME

Y-chromosome
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These words share the same root as Y-chromosome. Click on the words to load more information.

Synonyms and antonyms of Y-chromosome in the English dictionary of synonyms

Synonyms
SYNONYMS
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WORDS RELATING TO «Y-CHROMOSOME»

Y-chromosome chromosome disappearing female adam extra shrinking disorders male chromosomes mammals including humans many other animals determining species since presence absence that determines contains gene genetics home reference form does having make someone intersex unintended harm happens when people assume makes person lack nature focus sequenced often regarded genetic wasteland sequence reveals more than switch science aaas news here stay small compared required keep levels some high enough researchers importance nytimes there reason respect diminutive besides long known role reversing default state being evolution hhmi biointeractive effects throughout body study lost most originally

Translation of «Y-chromosome» into 20 languages

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TRANSLATOR
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TRANSLATION OF Y-CHROMOSOME

Find out the translation of Y-chromosome to 20 languages with our English multilingual translator.
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The translations of Y-chromosome from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «Y-chromosome» in English.
Chinese Spanish English Hindi Arabic Russian Portuguese French German Japanese Korean Vietnamese Italian Polish Ukrainian Romanian Greek Afrikaans Swedish Norwegian
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zh

Translator English - Chinese

Y染色体
1,325 millions of speakers
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es

Translator English - Spanish

Y- cromosoma
550 millions of speakers
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en

Translator English - English

Y-chromosome
510 millions of speakers
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hi

Translator English - Hindi

वाई गुणसूत्र
380 millions of speakers
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ar

Translator English - Arabic

كروموسوم Y-
280 millions of speakers
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ru

Translator English - Russian

Y - хромосома
278 millions of speakers
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pt

Translator English - Portuguese

Cromossomo Y
270 millions of speakers
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fr

Translator English - French

Chromosome Y.
220 millions of speakers
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de

Translator English - German

Y - Chromosom
180 millions of speakers
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ja

Translator English - Japanese

Y染色体
130 millions of speakers
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ko

Translator English - Korean

Y 염색체
85 millions of speakers
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vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

Nhiễm sắc thể Y.
80 millions of speakers
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it

Translator English - Italian

Cromosoma Y
65 millions of speakers
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pl

Translator English - Polish

Chromosom Y
50 millions of speakers
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uk

Translator English - Ukrainian

Y - хромосома
40 millions of speakers
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ro

Translator English - Romanian

Y - cromozom
30 millions of speakers
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el

Translator English - Greek

Y - χρωμοσώματος
15 millions of speakers
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af

Translator English - Afrikaans

Y - chromosome
14 millions of speakers
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sv

Translator English - Swedish

Y - kromosom
10 millions of speakers
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no

Translator English - Norwegian

Y - kromosom
5 millions of speakers
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Trends of use of Y-chromosome

Trends
TRENDS
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TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «Y-CHROMOSOME»

The term «Y-chromosome» is regularly used and occupies the 76.984 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
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The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «Y-chromosome» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of Y-chromosome
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List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «Y-chromosome».
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FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «Y-CHROMOSOME» OVER TIME

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The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «Y-chromosome» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «Y-chromosome» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about Y-chromosome

Examples
EXAMPLES
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10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «Y-CHROMOSOME»

Discover the use of Y-chromosome in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to Y-chromosome and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
American Indian MtDNA, Y Chromosome Genetic Data, and the ...
The field of molecular anthropology has grown in recent years with the advent of new methodologies and theoretical assumptions.
autorPeter N. Jones, 2004
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2
The Y Chromosome and Male Germ Cell Biology in Health and ...
This book is a timely document of advances made in the field of male gonad and germ cell research in the postgenomic era.
autorWai-Yee Chan, 2007
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3
Adam's Curse: A Future Without Men
A study of the defining characteristics of men, and the Y chromosome in their DNA, draws on scientific research to explore such issues as the potential for a male homosexual gene and the genetic causes of male aggression.
autorBryan Sykes, 2004
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4
Forensic DNA Typing: Biology, Technology, and Genetics of ...
(a) 154 Mb Heterochromatic region (not sequenced) ~30 Mb Non-Recombining Portion of Y Chromosome (NRY) reco mbination recombination Pseudoautosomal Region 2 (PAR2) Pseudoautosomal Region 1 (PAR1) Male- specific region of ...
autorJohn M. Butler, 2005
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5
Catalogue of Unbalanced Chromosome Aberrations in Man
This text presents a comprehensive and updated catalogue of the already large, and rapidly growing number of chromosome aberrations in man. The consistent structure of the text and references provide for rapid orientation.
autorAlbert Schinzel, 2001
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6
Human Reproductive Biology
The majority of the Y contains DNA sequences unique to this chromosome. Several genes have been identified on the Y chromosome (see HIGHLIGHT box 5-1). Most of these have essential roles in spermatogenesis; mutations in these genes ...
autorRichard E. Jones, Kristin H. Lopez, 2006
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7
Mitochondrial DNA and Y-chromosome Variation of Eastern ...
The data were obtained from the Y Chromosome Haplotype Reference Database (YHRD), a collaborative online database (www.yhrd.org) maintained and used by the international forensic and scientific communities. Specifically, the data ...
autorMark Zlojutro, 2008
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8
Folia Biologica
on the Y chromosome, termed Zfy- 1 and Zfy-2. the regions necessary for spermatogenesis (GOODFEL- LOW et al. 1993). In addition, BURGOYNE et al. ( 1992) and Conway et al. (1994) provided evidence from Y chromosome deletion  ...
autor
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9
Assessing Y-chromosome Variation in the South Pacific Using ...
Since the mtDNA and Y chromosome have 1⁄4 the effective population size of the autosomal DNA, they are extremely sensitive to the influence of genetic drift. Additionally, the practice of Oceanic matrilocality may produce this pattern (Hage  ...
autorKrista Erin Latham, 2008
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Human Chromosome Variation: Heteromorphism and Polymorphism: ...
Am J Med Genet 26:95–101 Hou JW, Wang TR (1999) Study of human Y chromosome polymorphism in Taiwan. Acta Paediatr Twaiwan 40:302–304 Soudek D, Laraya P (1974) Longer Y chromosome in criminals. Clin Genet 6:225 –229 ...
autorHerman Edwin Wyandt, Vijay S. Tonk, 2011
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3 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «Y-CHROMOSOME»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term Y-chromosome is used in the context of the following news items.
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Elucigene Diagnostics to Launch CE-Marked Y-Chromosome
The firm's new Y-chromosome microdeletion test will be available in Europe as a CE-marked in vitro diagnostic next week, with an official marketing launch of ... «GenomeWeb, Jul 15»
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The Y-chromosome point mutation rate in humans
Lines between squares represent Y-chromosome transmission events. The filled squares represent males demarcating the branches to which mutations can be ... «Nature.com, Mar 15»
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Study Says Oldest Known Human Y-Chromosome Branch Dates to …
An extremely rare African American Y chromosome found in an individual who submitted his DNA to a company specializing in DNA analysis to trace family ... «Sci-News.com, Mar 13»
APA
REFERENCE
«ENGLISH DICTIONARY. Y-Chromosome [online] - Edition 3.3 (Dec 2016). Available <http://englishdictionary.education/en/y-chromosome> »
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